How to Run a Marathon

What is a marathon?

What is a marathon? I doubt that most of you could answer this question with ease, but for the small number of people not 100% sure about what this really is, we wrote a short explanation.

A marathon is a long-distance running race that covers a distance of 26.2 miles or 42.195 kilometers. Participants, often called runners, compete to complete the course as quickly as possible. Marathons are famous for their challenging nature, requiring endurance, training, and determination to finish. They are held as both competitive races and as events for recreational runners, promoting physical fitness and personal achievement.

Marathon Preparation Step by Step

Preparing for a marathon is a significant undertaking that requires careful planning, dedication, and a multifaceted approach. This article serves as a comprehensive guide, covering essential aspects of marathon preparation, from designing a training plan to mental preparation and everything in between. Whether you're a novice runner aiming to complete your first marathon or an experienced racer looking to improve your performance, this guide will provide valuable insights to help you succeed.


  • Training Plan
  • The Right Gear
  • Your Race
  • Your Pace
  • Taper
  • Mental Prep

1. Design a Training Plan

Setting Realistic Goals: Before diving into a marathon training plan, set clear and achievable goals that align with your fitness level and objectives. Whether you aim to finish your first marathon, set a personal record, or enjoy the experience, defining your goals will shape your training plan. A great training plan will ensure that you truly succeed in your planning.

Duration: Marathon training plans typically span from 12 to 20 weeks, depending on your fitness level and prior running experience. Longer training periods allow for gradual mileage increases, essential for building a solid foundation.

Weekly Mileage: A crucial element of marathon training is progressively increasing your weekly mileage. Most plans incorporate a mix of long runs, tempo runs, and easy runs. These components work together to enhance endurance, speed, and recovery capabilities, giving you a higher chance of succeeding at this challenge.

Cross-Training: Integrating cross-training activities like swimming, cycling, or strength training into your plan helps prevent injuries and improves overall fitness. These sessions are typically scheduled strategically to maintain balance and focus on building endurance, but they are a great addition to your regular running training to prevent you from getting injured because of a lack of stability.

2. Get the right gear

An essential aspect of facing a challenge like a marathon is your gear. It ensures that you are moving smoothly and can really make it easier for you to succeed at this challenge. An oversimplified example could be you running with your jeans on or running with no shoes on a rocky underground. Sure, you can move forward, but you still have to move a lot more to keep your pace in the tight denims, and your feet will currently step on sharp objects, killing your focus and not enabling you to run at your goal's pace. Even though this was a really oversimplified term of this, it can still be a metaphor for running with the wrong shoes. And now that we got your attention at this topic, let's dig deeper into what truly matters when choosing your gear.

Find Out What's Your Foot Type:

Understanding your running gait is crucial when choosing the right pair of running shoes. Visit a specialty running store or have a gait analysis to determine your foot type and the level of arch support and cushioning you need.

Understand Cushioning:

Balancing cushioning in your shoes is key. While cushioned shoes offer comfort and protection, excessive cushioning can make them feel heavy. Find the right balance that suits your needs.

Shoe size and Fit

Shoe Fit

Consider Shoe Size and Fit: Select the correct shoe size, ensuring there's enough room in the toe box to prevent blisters. A snug midfoot and heel fit provide stability, promoting a comfortable run.

Weight and Flexibility: Lightweight shoes are preferable for marathon runners as they reduce fatigue over long distances. Look for shoes with a flexible sole to promote natural foot movement.

Know your terrain


Consider the marathon's route terrain—whether it's roads, trails, or a combination of both. Different terrains require specialized shoes, so choose accordingly for optimal performance and comfort.

3. Get the right gear

Know where you will be running and what conditions you will face at the track.

Ample Training Time: Select a marathon with ample training time, ideally more than four months from the start of your training. This duration allows for gradual fitness development and injury prevention.

Course Characteristics: Understand the racecourse's characteristics, including hills, to tailor your training plan. Hill running preparation is essential for courses with elevation changes.

Weather Considerations: Consider the potential weather conditions on race day by checking historical data. Prepare accordingly, adjusting your attire and race strategy for varying conditions.

Aid Stations and Nutrition: Research the race's aid station offerings and plan your race-day nutrition strategy accordingly. Practice using the provided products during training to ensure compatibility with your stomach.

Race Size and Atmosphere: Choose a race size that aligns with your comfort level and preferences. Smaller races offer an intimate setting, while larger ones provide a bustling atmosphere

4. Know Your Pace

Don't get overwhelmed: The feeling when beginning a marathon is hard to summarize, but we can all agree on that the idea of running with the crowd is really seductive. That's why you always have to keep in mind what your pace is. Ignore the people around you, maybe look at your smartwatch and try to focus on what you truly want to achieve. Separating yourself mentally from the crowd will definitely benefit you in terms of overreactions in the beginning and ruining your run in the first quarter.

Injury Prevention: Maintaining an appropriate pace is essential for injury prevention. Overexertion and running too fast can lead to injuries, so finding your optimal pace is crucial.

Efficient Energy Management: The right pace helps your body efficiently manage energy resources, enhancing endurance for long-distance races.

Progress and Performance: Consistent pacing during training leads to improved performance. Mastering pacing allows you to become faster, build endurance, and achieve your goals more effectively.

5. Tapering & Nutrition

A break before your great day that sounds wrong in so many ways but is probably the best choice you'll ever make while being in the end phase for your marathon preparation.

What is Tapering: Tapering involves significantly reducing running intensity and distance in the final weeks leading up to the marathon. It allows your body to recover, re-energize, and peak on race day.

Nutrition, your ally in the preparation: I myself made the mistake of underestimating the power of wrong food before running a larger distance, and I and probably every runner out there can assure you that eating the wrong food will massively mess with your digestive system. This includes eating too much in comparison to the amount of water you consume and the type of foods you consume.

How to


Purpose of Tapering: Tapering benefits include re-energizing before the race, allowing time for muscle repair, replenishing carbohydrate stores, and preventing fatigue.

How to Taper: Begin tapering the day after your final long training run, reducing weekly mileage by approximately 25%, adding rest days, and gradually decreasing exercise intensity. Maintain your nutrition plan throughout.

General Introduction


Pre-Run Nutrition: Consume a balanced meal or snack containing carbohydrates and moderate protein 1-2 hours before training runs to fuel your body effectively.

Hydration: Stay well-hydrated during training runs, starting with pre-run hydration. Carry water or plan routes near water sources for long runs, especially in hot conditions.

Mid-Run Nutrition: For runs lasting over an hour, consume easily digestible carbohydrates like energy gels or sports drinks to replenish glycogen stores and maintain energy levels.

Post-Race Recovery: After finishing the marathon, refuel with carbohydrates and protein to aid recovery. Recovery shakes, chocolate milk, or balanced meals are excellent options.

The mental Prep

The biggest obstacle

A real obstacle that seems to be irrelevant for some people, even if it's the main driver of your success, is the mental preparation for a marathon. There is no place where you'll fail more often than at this stage of the process. Here's an awesome finding on why a bad mental prep will ruin your run.

Goal Setting and Visualization: Set clear, achievable goals for the marathon and visualize your success. Visualization reinforces commitment and boosts confidence.

Develop a Race-Day Plan: Create a detailed race-day plan, including nutrition, pacing, and strategies for challenges. Reducing decision-making on race day minimizes anxiety.

Mental Toughness Training: Incorporate mental toughness workouts into your training. Push your limits, practice positive self-talk, and embrace discomfort to build resilience.

Mindfulness and Relaxation: Include mindfulness and relaxation techniques in your routine. Meditation and deep breathing exercises reduce anxiety and enhance mental resilience.

Positive Self-Talk: Replace negative thoughts with positive affirmations to boost self-confidence and overcome mental barriers.

Stay Present and Focus: During the marathon, focus on smaller milestones rather than the entire distance. Celebrate achievements along the way to stay engaged and prevent overwhelm.

Prepare for Setbacks: Anticipate challenges like hitting a wall and develop strategies to cope. Acknowledge setbacks as a natural part of the marathon experience.

Race-Day Visualization: On race day, revisit visualization exercises to envision success. Maintain a confident and resilient mindset throughout the race.


Marathon preparation is a multifaceted journey that encompasses physical training, gear selection, race choice, pacing, nutrition, and mental readiness. This comprehensive guide provides valuable insights and strategies for every aspect of marathon preparation, helping you achieve your goals and conquer the 26.2-mile challenge. Whether you're embarking on your first marathon or seeking to improve your performance, thorough preparation is the key to success. With dedication, smart planning, and a resilient mindset, you'll be well-prepared to cross the finish line with confidence and pride.

You got this. Good luck and have fun!